Property Purchase Frauds
Types of Property Purchase Frauds
Prevent from Property Purchase Frauds
Many time property buyer found fake documents of property and He lost his hard earned money and also fighting legal battle in the court. If documents and particulars are verified from Sub Registrar office one can avoid this trouble.
A person proposed to purchase a plot in the City. He approached a real estate agent and finalized a plot in a prime and after paying the money he got the plot registered in his name. After a few days officials of a corporate bank approached him with attachment orders of a civil court claiming that the said plot was mortgaged with their bank. He denied to have mortgaged the plot to anyone and approached a lawyer to fight the case. After one week, another nationalized bank approached him with a different attachment order claiming that the plot was mortgaged with their bank. The seller of the plot was absconding and the real owner is fighting the cases in the court.
The fraudster before selling the property mortgaged the property with two banks and availed loans and absconded. He lost his hard earned money and also fighting legal battle in the court. Had he verified the ownership particulars from Sub Registrar office he would have avoided this trouble.
Multiple General Power of Attorney
A person purchased a plot from somebody who was given GPA by the real owner. After registration of the plot when he went to plot to get it cleaned, in the mean time, another person claiming to be the owner of the plot objected to this. When both the parties approached the police, they found that both of them purchased the same plot from different persons who are GPA holders. It is also revealed that the real owner has given multiple GPA’s in the name of several persons !! He also sold the plot to third parties prior to registration of GPA’s and left the country. All the other persons who purchased the property lost their hard earned money due to their laxity in enquiring in concerned Sub Registrar office about the ownership.
A person who intended to purchase a plot in a good area, approached a real estate agent. After payment of considerable amount he got the plot registered in his name. Later when he went to plot showed by the seller he was objected by other persons claiming to be the owner. On further enquiry the survey No. mentioned in the lay out belongs to Forest Department. Entire lay out showed by the seller is fake. He has created unauthorized lay out in Government land and took the customers to others lay out and sold the plot and ran away with the money. He lost his hard earned money due to non verification layout with concerned departments and for not making necessary local enquiries.
An NRI intended to invest in city by purchasing a plot in a good area, approached a real estate developer on seeing the paper advertisements. After payment of considerable amount she got the plot registered in her name. Later, after lapse of 6 years she intends to sell the plot due to financial problems. When she went to plot along with prospective buyer, she came to know that three other persons are claiming the ownership and one among them even constructed a compound wall. On further enquiry she learnt that she is the 1st buyer and after selling the plot to her. The owner has sold the plot to three other persons with out the knowledge of each other. The owner died and the buyer NRI is fighting a legal battle with others claiming to be owners to claim to prove her ownership.
A lady planned to purchase a plot, approached a real estate developer on seeing the paper advertisements. After payment of considerable amount she got the plot registered in her name. Later when she went to site to get it cleaned she noticed that some one has dug up foundations for construction of house. When she enquired about it, she came to know that owner has encroached into neighbor’s plot by creating lay out and sold it to her. She also came to know that she did not have any right over the property as plot is located in others plot. She lost her hard earned money due to non verification lay out with concerned departments and for not making necessary local enquiries.
A person wanted to purchase a flat admeasuring 1230 Sq.ft in the city approached a prospective builder on seeing the paper advertisements. After payment of considerable amount he got the flat registered in his name. Later when he got the flat measured it came to 950 Sq.ft including common area and he left with living carpet area of 790 Sq.ft. The builder prepared sale agreement concealing the truth and he failed to read the agreement properly. Later he came to know that the builder has mortgaged the entire flats to a nationalized bank. Now the bankers are after the flat owners claiming the refund of loan amount. The builder is absconding. He is fighting legal battle with the bankers and he lost his hard earned money due to non verification agreement before purchasing the flat and getting verified with the concerned Sub Registrars regarding the mortgage and for not making necessary local enquiries.
Checklist to Purchase Land or Plots
- Request for the documents in originals only for verification.
- Verify ownership from Municipality or S.R.O by your self or by legal council and make local enquiries
- Keep a look on signatures in all documents. You can ask for fingerprints along with the signatures.
- Check the power of attorney, if the seller has actually the right to sell the property. If possible contact person giving the Power of attorney and ascertain whether he has given power of attorney or nor. Also check up whether he has given GPA to any other person earlier.
- Check designated land use of the property from MRO office as to whether the said land is Assigned land, Bhoodan Land, Agricultural lands, Inam lands.
- Check up for clear title from MRO Office, collect copies of :
- Pahani copy since 1956
- 1954-56 Kasara
- Proceedings of patta passbook.
- Check if the property is free from any and all types of encroachments.
- Check of property has been mortgaged or if any case filed in court. Check up with records of MRO office and Sub Registrar office concerned.
- Check if all due payments has been paid to ULC, SRO, Electricity Co. and Water & Sewerage
- For land in Dispute or in legal litigation –approach “Bailiff” of concerned court or “Arbitrator” appointed by Hon’ble High Court.
- Pay applicable stamp duty in full.
- Obtain physical delivery of the property and of the title deeds.
Checklist to Purchase Flat or Commercial Space
- Call for original property documents. The non-availability of such documents should be taken as a red signal. It could mean that the title of the seller is not clear and there could be a lien, mortgage or other encumbrance on the property.
- Ask for photocopies of all link documents of title deed related to the property to be purchased. A legal opinion through a good standing advocate is advisable.
- Check up previous encumbrances and loans, if any on the property must be cleared before completion of purchase of the property. The title of the Vendor to the property must be clear and marketable.
- Check for approved layout plan and approved building plan with number of floors. Usually builder comes up with excuse that he is permitted to construct as many floor as he required so far as he use permitted FSI limits.
- Check the building bye-laws in that area to verify any issue with setback, side setback, height, etc.
- Confirm transfer fees, stamp duty and registration charges to be paid on purchase of the property as well as outgoing to be paid for the property i.e. property tax, water and electricity charges, society charges, maintenance charges.
- The original sale agreement should have the municipal approved plan of the flat, carpet area with the area of the balconies shown separately, price of the property including the proportionate price of common area and facilities shown separately and intervals at which installments may be paid.
- Check if proper stamp duty has been paid.
- If the property is in a co-operative society, examine the original share certificate. It mentions the latest owner’s name.
- Obtaining a society’s NOC may not be mandatory under the new Model Bye-laws of the co-operative Housing Society, but it advisable as it offers clarity about the title of the property, pending society dues, property disputes and hypothecation, if any.
- Check up whether the builder has mortgaged the land in any bank to avoid attachment at later date.
- An income tax clearance certificate would ensure that the seller has discharged his income tax liabilities to avoid attachment of the property.
- Getting a home loan sanctioned ensures that the documents are in place as banks or institutions conduct due diligence before disbursing loans.
- Ensure payment and discharge of encumbrances that are to be cleared before purchase.
- Obtain physical delivery of the property and of the title deeds.
- Complete the transaction of sale by executing and registering the deed. An unregistered sale agreement has no validity in court of law.
- Reputation of the builder or seller. Check around with local sources to find out more of the builders reputation.
- Get a good idea of the costs of various components like price, stamp duty, registration charges, transfer fees, monthly outgoings, society charges & costs of utilities. These are not immediately available, but should be factored in to the total cost.
- Facilities. Adequate water, electricity and other utilities should be an important factor.
- If you believe in beliefs such as Vaastu, get consultation done before buying the property.
- If you are buying property on loan, get insurance so that in case of your fatality, your family can clear the outstanding loan.
- Ask for the NOC’s of the concerned departments from builder.
- Fire Services Department in case of high rise buildings.
- Traffic Police Department for Multi storied complex having both residential and commercial housing facility.
- Check up with area electricity co. office whether the building was sanctioned electricity supply
- Any building in the vicinity of Airport contact IAAI for clearance as multistoried complexes are not allowed with in the vicinity.
- If the building is close to Railway Track, contact concerned Railway authorities about the ownership or otherwise.
- Contact Mucipality office/ water supply board for drainage, water supply, commencement certificate.
How to suspect a Fraud?
- Transactions being carried in cash
- Originals are missing and certified copies are shown to you.
- Documents in colour Xerox and laminated
- Signatures are varied in all places
- Documents are only notarized
- Documents are on plain paper
- Seller himself is missing during deal materialization
- Sale deed signed in blue ink / stamps in blue ink. It is mandatory to use black ink in Sub Registrar office.
- Seller is not willing to put his finger prints on the document
- Seller is forcing you to finalize the deal in undue haste in the guise of owner leaving abroad etc.,
- Turn impatient and embarrassed when you ask them certain questions
Reporting Property Fraud
- Lodge a complaint immediately with the local police station giving the description of the fraud committed by the seller/builder, details of the property, amount paid etc.. enclose the receipt of amount paid, copy of agreement etc.
- Withhold the remaining payments till it is settled beyond reasonable doubt.
- You can approach the Higher Ups if you feel that local police failed to act on your complaint.
- You can also lodge a complaint with concerned Zonal Dy. Commissioner of Police or Dy. Commissioner of Police, Detective Departmentof the city and Commissioner of Police, in the city.